HR Disciplines

About HR Disciplines

To share our bank of knowledge in Human Resources, we have organized content under various core disciplines and emerging areas in this section. Given below is a brief description of each of these disciplines and emerging areas.

Strategic Human Resource Management (HRM)

This discipline covers the concepts and practices that guide and align Human Resource Management philosophy, tactical planning and practice with the strategic and long term goals of the organization, with a particular focus on human capital. Read more »

Talent Acquisition and People Flows

This discipline covers the concepts, strategies and practices an organization uses in strategic talent planning and attracting the best talent to meet its short and long term business needs. It highlights the key considerations in developing, implementing and evaluating the effectiveness of a talent acquisition framework. Read more »

Performance Management

A well-developed, legally compliant performance management system is an essential talent management tool for high-performing organizations. This discipline covers the aspects of creating a high performance culture which enables an organization to sustain competitive strategic advantage and exceed the expectations of all stakeholders. Read more »

Learning and Development

This discipline covers the overall arrangement of the organization in terms of its long and short term plans for development of its human resources. It includes systematic and planned interventions for enhancing organizational effectiveness and development of its employees; training need identification, learning design and providing its people with the necessary skills to meet current and future job demands. Read more »

Compensation and Reward

This discipline covers the various forms of direct compensation---i.e. employee’s pay including variable pay, short and long term incentives, company stock awards, as well as promotions and pay increases. It also deals with indirect compensation such as paid leave, insurance, retirement income and various employee services, commonly referred to as “benefits” that employers use to attract, recognize, retain and motivate employees to contribute to the organization’s strategic objectives. Read more »

Talent Development, Engagement and Retention

This discipline covers the management of ‘Talent’ – high performing, high potential employees of the organization - which includes strategies, key elements of talent and leadership development and best practices in this domain. Read more »

Employee Advocacy and Relations

This discipline covers the overall approach an organization uses to maintain a positive, productive and cohesive work environment within its particular business model and corporate culture. It includes developing, implementing, administering the processes of analyzing the employer-employee relationship; performing ongoing evaluation of employee satisfaction and engagement. It also includes matters that focus on employee communication, motivation and engagement enhancement practices. Read more »

Industrial Relations

This discipline covers the relationship of employees with the organization and with each other. Industrial relations is concerned with anticipating, addressing and diffusing workplace issues that may interfere with an organization’s business objectives, as also with resolving disputes between and among management and employees. It includes the processes of analyzing the employer-employee relationship; ensuring that relations with employees comply with applicable central and local laws and regulations; and resolving workplace disputes. Read more »

HR and Social Media

Social Media has emerged as a powerful business and HR tool. This discipline deals with selecting appropriate Social Media sites and formats from the myriad options available and leveraging the same to create value for the organization. This requires an in-depth understanding of the key benefits and pitfalls of Social Media and managing these effectively in the organization’s context. Read more »


This discipline deals with the definition and multiple dimensions contributing to diversity including age, gender, socio-economic status and beliefs. The business case for managing diversity in the workplace is outlined from creating greater inclusiveness to harnessing the potential of diverse cultures to drive innovation, flexibility and effectively manage change. Read more »

Executive Coaching and Leadership

Leadership relates to providing direction and influencing people to achieve the organization’s vision, mission and goals. This discipline focuses on developing leaders through coaching and developmental activities as well as rewarding and motivating them. The underlying theories, including trait, behavioral and situational, that make for effective leadership are detailed under this discipline, as are Leadership competencies, models and developmental strategies. Read more »